From: reich@cod.nosc.mil (Ronald S. Reich)
Subject: Re: Scoring System/Package needed ....
Date: Wed, 14 Jul 1993 21:40:12 GMT
>From: grs@werple.apana.org.au (Gary Schmidt)
>
> In response to the solicitation from Gary Schmidt for a
>scoring system, I submit the following. It should be understood
>that this is not the currrent system used in the USA, AKA. It is
>a system that I have personally been proposing for several years.
>But it seems like "I have had my kite caught in a tree" with no
>ladder or help.
MAJORITY RULE PLACEMENT
by RON REICH
In an effort to standardize scoring and placement for Stunt
Kite competitions I have summarized the National Standard used by
the Roller Skating Rink Owners Association (RSROA). This concept
has been proven over many years to be the most fair of all
methods of awarding places for competitors.
The following information describes the exact procedure for
determining the placement of contestants by the Majority Rule of
the judges. The total score of the judges is only considered as
a last resort thus minimizing the influence of an individual
judge whose scores are not consistant with the majority of
judges.
A head scorekeeper will be required to understand and apply
the Rules of Tabulating, Ordinaling and Tie Breaking to insure a
fair and just placement according to the Majority Rules. The
head scorekeeper will be assisted by at least two tabulators.
The head scorekeeper will be responsible for the accuracy of the
tabulators application of the rules. The tabulators will convert
the judges scores to ordinals. Each tabulator's conversions will
be checked by the head scorekeeper. The head scorekeeper and the
tabulators will then assign the placements according to the
Majority Rules.
These MAJORITY RULES shall be applied in order:
RULE #1
The Highest Open Place shall be awarded to the
contestant with the Lowest Majority Ordinal.
RULE #2 (1st tie breaker)
The Highest Open Place shall be awarded to the tied
contestant with the Lowest Total Majority Ordinal.
RULE #3
All contestants tied for placements not receiving awards or
qualifing to fly in a semifinals or finals will remain tied
for the place in question.
RULE #4 (2nd tie breaker)
The contestant with the greater number of Re-Ordinal 1's
shall be awarded the place in question.
RULE #5 (3rd tie breaker)
The contestant with the Lowest Total Ordinal [NOT Re-
Ordinals] shall be awarded the place in question.
RULE #6 (4th tie breaker)
The contestant with the the Highest Total Score from the
Majority Ordinal Judges shall be awarded the place in
question.
RULE #7 (5th tie breaker)
The contestant with the Highest Total Score by the sum of
all the judges shall be awarded the place in question.
---- DEFINITIONS ----
ORDINAL : (ORD)
An ordinal is a number (1,2,3,etc) indicating an individual
judge's placement for each flyer or team in the contest. The
contestant with the highest score will receive the number 1, the
second highest score will receive the number 2 etc. [The judge's
ordinals are different from the majority ordinals, the total
majority ordinals, the re-ordinals and the final placements].
MAJORITY ORDINAL : (MO)
The Majority Ordinal is the number indicating the highest
place for which a contestant or team has been positioned by the
majority of the judges. The majority ordinal of three judges
will be the largest number of the best two ordinals. For example
if the three judge's ordinals are 1,2,3 then the largest of the
best two (1,2) is the number 2. Likewise, the majority ordinal
of five judges with ordinals of 1,2,4,4,5 will be the largest of
the best three (1,2,4) which is 4. Also, for five judges with
ordinals of 4,2,3,2,1 the largest of the best three (1,2,2) is 2.
LOWEST MAJORITY ORDINAL :
When the Majority Ordinals are compared to determine the
placement of the competitors, the contestant with the Lowest
Majority Ordinal will be awarded the Highest Open Place
available. For example, if the Majority ordinals of three judges
for 5 contestants are; CONTESTANT A B C D E
JUDGE 1 ORD's 3 5 2 4 1
JUDGE 2 ORD's 3 4 1 5 2
JUDGE 3 ORD's 2 3 1 5 4
MO's 3 4 1 5 2
Contestant C has the lowest Majority Ordinal of 1 and is awarded
1st place. Similarly, contestant E is 2nd place and contestant A
is 3rd place.
TOTAL MAJORITY ORDINAL : (TMO)
The Total Majority Ordinal of three judges will be the sum
of the best two ordinals. For example, if the ordinals for three
judges are 1,2,3 then the sum of the best two (1,2) is 3.
Similarly, the TMO for five judges with ordinals of 1,1,2,3,3 is
the sum of the best three (1,1,2) which equals 4. The TMO will
be required for the first tie breaker.
CONTESTANT A B C D E F
JUDGE 1 ORD's 3 5 2 4 1 6
JUDGE 2 ORD's 1 6 3 4 2 5
JUDGE 3 ORD's 4 5 2 1 3 6
MO's 3 5 2 4 2 6
TMO's 4 3 Ties Only
* PLACE 3 5 2 4 1 6
BY RULE 1 1 1 1 2 1
* Final placement of the six contestants based on the Majority
Rule convention of scoring.
---- DEFINITIONS ----
HIGHEST OPEN PLACE :
The Highest Open Place is the next available placement. For
example if 1st and 2nd place have been determined then the next
Highest Open Place is 3rd.
RE-ORDINAL 1's
Under Rule #4, the 2nd tie breaker, the tabulators will
transfer the original judges scores of the tied contestants to a
separate sheet and ordinal them as though they had competed
against eachother in a separte contest. They will then add the
number of new ordinal 1's for each contestant.
CONTESTANT D G
JUDGE 1 SCORE 75 78
ORD's 2 1
JUDGE 2 SCORE 81 79
ORD's 1 2
JUDGE 3 SCORE 76 77
ORD's 2 1
SUM OF RE-ORDINAL 1's 1 2
Contestant G has 2 Re-Ordinal 1's therefore contestant G will be
awarded the place in question by Rule #4 and the contestant D
will be awarded the next highest open place by Rule #1.
TOTAL ORDINAL :
Under Rule #5, tie breaker #3, The original judges ordinals
for the tied contestants will be added together to get the Total
Ordinal. The contestant with the Lowest Total Ordinal will be
awarded the place in question by Rule #5 and the other contestant
will be awarded the next highest open place by rule #1.
TOTAL SCORE OF THE LOWEST MAJORITY ORDINAL JUDGES :
Under Rule #6, the 4th tie breaker, the scores of the judges
whose ordinals comprised the Total Majority Ordinal will be added
together to get the Total Score of the Lowest Majority Ordinal
Judges. The contestant with the highest total score from the
lowest majority ordinal judges will be awarded the place in
question by Rule #6 and the other contestant will be awarded the
next highest open place by Rule #1. For example;
CONTESTANT F M
JUDGE 1 SCORE 75 73
ORD's 3 4
JUDGE 2 SCORE 74 74* * Use highest score
ORD's 4 4 of judges with
JUDGE 3 SCORE 80* 84 equal ordinals
ORD's 4 3
Total score of MO Judges 155 158
Contestant M would be awarded the place in question by rule #6
and contestant F would be awarded the next highest open place by
Rule #1.
---- DEFINITIONS ----
HIGHEST POINT TOTAL :
Under Rule #7, the 5th tie breaker, all of the judges scores
will be added together to produce the Highest Point Total of the
tied contestants only.
JUDGES SCORES :
The judges will score the contestants according to their
performance on a scale from 1 to 100 with 100 being the best and
worthy of the highest award. The total of 100 points can be a
combination of requirements within the performance such as 10
points for each of 4 compulsories and the remaining 60 points for
free style. The Judge should make every effort to NOT allow
identical totals to occur. It would help for each judge to have
a sheet numbered from 1 to 100 and to cross off each total score
as it is used.
---- TYPICAL TABULATORS WORK SHEET ----
TOURNAMENT: _____________________________________ DATE: _________
EVENT:__________________________________ CLASS: _________________
-----------------------------------------------------------------
CONTESTANT # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
=================================================================
JUDGE initl sc ______________________________________________
1 ord
-----------------------------------------------------------------
sc ______________________________________________
2 ord
-----------------------------------------------------------------
sc ______________________________________________
3 ord
-----------------------------------------------------------------
sc ______________________________________________
4 ord
-----------------------------------------------------------------
sc ______________________________________________
5 ord
-----------------------------------------------------------------
MO
-----------------------------------------------------------------
TMO
-----------------------------------------------------------------
PLACE
-----------------------------------------------------------------
BY RULE
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Tabulator name:__________________________ date: ________________
---- TYPICAL JUDGES SCORE SHEET ----
JUDGE:______________________________ NUMBER:______________
EVENT:____________________________________________________
==========================================================
CONTESTANT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
==========================================================
COMPULSORY
1
----------------------------------------------------------
2
----------------------------------------------------------
3
----------------------------------------------------------
4
----------------------------------------------------------
FREE STYLE
----------------------------------------------------------
TOTAL SCORE
*
----------------------------------------------------------
ORDINALS
*
----------------------------------------------------------
* Transfer to Tabulators Worksheet
It should be understood that each element of the judging factors
such as "Artistic", "Technical", and "Content" could be
separately ordinaled for each judge and contestant. This would
allow more detailed evaluation criteria for the placements. For
example, one contestant my be first in the catagory of Artistic
but 2nd in technical, and 3rd in content. Different weighting
factors can also be applied to the different elements. For
instance the Artistic in ballet may be considered as twice as
valuable as the technical and content therefore. The first place
contestant would recieve two 1's for Artistic, one 2 for
technical and one 3 for content. These would represent the
ordinals from one of the judges. The contestant would recieve
similar ordinals from each of the judges.
And So On And So Forth
I'm Sorry if this all sounds confusing but It really is straight
forward once you understand it. I am currrently tying to revise
the presentation to make it more understandable by the first time
reader.
Good Winds
Ron Reich